The two Turkish states, which often praise their ties under the slogan “one nation, two states”, face common security threats arising from Armenia`s territorial claims and Russia`s military and security presence in the South Caucasus. Armenia is home to the Russian military base in Gyumri, a town 10 kilometres from the Turkish border, which aims to put pressure on Turkey from its eastern borders. It is generally accepted that without Russian military assistance, Armenia would not have been able to maintain control of the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan and neighbouring districts. The visit of Hikmet Hajiyev was followed on 11 September by a parliamentary delegation led by Sahiba Gafarova, Parliament`s spokesperson. In a meeting with Turkish Trade Minister Ruhsar Pekcan, Gafarova said Azerbaijan was interested in expanding bilateral trade between the two countries. The Turkish minister reiterated that the current trade turnover of $4.4 billion “does not reflect the true potential of the two countries,” adding that Turkey intends to sign a “free trade agreement with Azerbaijan” based on the recently signed preferential trade agreement between the two sides. Many details are still unknown, but the Azerbaijani Parliament has ratified an agreement that re-unites Azerbaijan and Turkey as strategic allies…. The agreement would last ten years and would be extended by default by another decade if neither side wished to end it. According to the Trend news agency, the Turkish Parliament is expected to vote on ratification of the agreement by the end of January. ANKARA, November 17 (Xinhua) — The Turkish Parliament on Tuesday adopted a proposal to allow the deployment of Turkish troops to Azerbaijan to monitor a ceasefire agreement on the Nagorno-Karabakh region. The agreement was ratified by Azerbaijan`s National Assembly on 21 December 2010.  Armenia`s rejection of the Madrid Principles, a mechanism for regulating the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, long considered the most viable way to reach an agreement, and the implicit adoption of the articles of the Treaty of Sevres (1920) as foreign policy objectives of the country`s leaders further complicated the regional situation and pushed it to the brink of war.
The two countries have strengthened their partnership in the supply of arms and other military equipment, combined with the extension of the economic partnership (. B, for example, Azerbaijan, the main supplier of natural gas to the Turkish market this year). Azerbaijan has expressed interest in the acquisition of Turkish military drones, which have proven to be highly effective in Ankara`s military operations in Libya and Syria. Baku and Ankara have reportedly reached an agreement on the delivery of the drones worth $200 million. According to local experts, Turkey should take Russia`s place as Azerbaijan`s second largest arms importer after Israel. The Strategic Partnership and Mutual Assistance Agreement, ratified by the Azerbaijani Parliament on 21 December, commits Turkey and Azerbaijan to support each other “all possibilities” in the event of a military attack or “aggression” against one of the countries. Plans to upgrade equipment for joint military operations, cooperation in military-technical areas, joint military exercises and training are also specified, but details are not specified.