The Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign Act) of 2000 allows the use of electronic records in consumer contracts as long as the consumer has given consent to their use. It stipulates that any law that provides for a signature may be complied with by an electronic signature and that agreements executed electronically may be presented as evidence in court. This will help to avoid any misunderstanding of what the parties wanted to sign. However, if it is not possible to review and reprint a contract before signing, ensure that all changes made manually to the contract are initiated by each party. Counterparties are normally used when the signatories of a contract are in different locations and contracts should include clauses allowing for the use of equivalents. The witness is not required to vouch for the identity of the signatory or to read the document. A written agreement signed by two or more parties is a binding agreement, but it can be implemented until it becomes a court judgment. The court makes a decision by incorporating the content of the agreement into its judgment. This judgment supersedes the original agreement and is enforced by the court if one of the parties violates it.

After our article on electronic signature at the beginning of the year, we reflected on the challenges of implementing agreements in a “socially distant” world. One such challenge concerns the practical aspects of the signature. In this article, we check who makes an appropriate witness to sign and how to navigate the requirements of witnesses in accordance with English law. As stated above, documents signed by fax or scanned and sent by e-mail are often accepted as equivalent, unless this is expressly excluded in a contract. But many government agencies, such as a county recorder, do not accept faxes and ask for a document signed in the original. A signed agreement is a signature on a piece of paper and a strong legal piece between two parties.3 min Read Sometimes a contract indicates a date until which it requires signatures. This is a common practice in business contracts or real estate contracts when an offer is critical for time. […] For your pension contract to become legally binding, it must be signed in accordance with your country-specific pension mission […] This may sound fundamental (and it is!), but you`d be surprised how often it slips into the hustle and bustle of business. While you don`t have to sign an agreement for it to be valid, why would you want to take this opportunity? There is absolutely no better way to prove that a party intends to be bound by a treaty than to whip it and show its signature on the document. . . .